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Posts tagged ‘Science’

Blue Origin & Virgin Galactic
Jeffrey P. Bezos unveils Blue Origin’s crew capsule at the Space Symposium in Colorado Springs. (Photo by Christian Davenport) founder Jeff Bezos said on Wednesday he is selling about $1 billion worth of the internet retailer’s stock annually to fund his Blue Origin rocket company, which aims to launch paying passengers on 11-minute space rides beginning 2018.

The interior includes comfortable seats with, laid back headrests like a La-Z-Boy. The walls are padded and white, and there are handles all over the place so that the floating astronauts can hang on like people riding the Metro.

Virgin Galactic, founded by Richard Branson, also plans to fly tourists to space, and is in the middle of testing its new space plane, Space Ship Two, which would be tethered to the bellow of a mother ship and then launched in flight. Virgin charges $250,000 a flight; Blue Origin hasn’t decided what its tickets would cost.

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This is so backwards So whats going to transpire is that the uneducated with the cash can fly up in space and the educated scientist who is well versed in astronomy or aerospace only get to hear about it or will they have to apply for a grant or something will have to hear about? Who just want to hear “O the ride was wonderful or exciting! Where the details?



Scientists Say They Have Unlocked The Mystery Of Outer body​ Experiences ?

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Scientist Are Creating A Motherless Technique for Having Babies: Ethical?


Harvard and Brown universities researchers warn that in the future scientists may be able to create embryos from skin cells. It is already common for women and couples using in vitro fertilization (IVF) to choose the sex of the embryos being implanted. This new “motherless” technique would be another step in the progression of genetic engineering and a greater departure from natural conception, gestation, and birth.

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Bioethicist Hank Greely says that” not only will IVF be easier and cheaper, but the rapidly developing field of genetics will make divorce sex from reproduction. Babies will be grown in labs: “What I think is going to happen, we’ll be able to take some skin cells from anyone and turn them into any cell type… I think we’ll actually see a world where most babies born to people with good health coverage will be conceived in the lab.”

The Rise of GMO Babies From Three Parents

Zhang with baby

IT’S A BOY  Fertility doctor John Zhang holds a baby boy (face blurred for privacy) who is the world’s first child created by a mitochondrial replacement technique called spindle transfer. Such children have been dubbed “three-parent babies.”


Human /Pig Hybrids Created By Scientists: Is This Ethical?


A four-week-old pig embryo injected with human pluripotent stem cell

The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in the US has combined both concepts and shown it is possible to grow human tissue within a pig. The achievement took four years, 1,500 pig embryos and the stem cells from 40 people.

Now the scientists are planning to genetically edit the pig embryos so they cannot produce organs in the hope that the gaps will be filled by human DNA, in the same way as in the mice experiments.


Imagine a human with rat and pig organs what type of treament or backup will physicians use to treat these hybrid humans when something goes wrong? Will the create Hybrid meds also?

Hidden Figures Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson, the movie Hidden Figures protagonist, was something of a child prodigy. Coming from the small West Virginian town of White Sulphur Springs, she graduated from high school at 14 and the historically black West Virginia State University at 18. In 1938, as a graduate student, she became one of three students—and the only woman—to desegregate West Virginia’s state college. In 1953, Johnson was hired by NACA and, five years later, NACA became NASA thanks to the Space Act of 1958.

Johnson’s first big NASA assignment was computing the trajectories for Alan Shepard’s historic flight in 1961. Johnson and her team’s job was to trace out in extreme detail Freedom 7’s exact path from liftoff to splashdown. Since it was designed to be a ballistic flight—in that, it was like a bullet from a gun with a capsule going up and coming down in a big parabola—it was relatively simple in least in the context of what was to come. Nonetheless, it was a huge success and NASA immediately set their sights on America’s first orbital mission.

 The film primarily focuses on John Glenn’s 1962 trip around the globe and does add dramatic flourishes that are, well, Hollywood. However, most of the events in the movie are historically accurate. Johnson’s main job in the lead-up and during the mission was to double-check and reverse engineer the newly-installed IBM 7090s trajectory calculations. As it shows, there were very tense moments during the flight that forced the mission to end earlier than expected. And John Glenn did request that Johnson specifically check and confirm trajectories and entry points that the IBM spat out (albeit, perhaps, not at the exact moment that the movie depicts). As Shetterly wrote in her book and explained in a September NPR interview, Glenn did not completely trust the computer. So, he asked the head engineers to “get the girl to check the numbers… If she says the numbers are good… I’m ready to go.”

Johnson would go on to work on the Apollo program, too, including performing trajectory calculations that assisted the 1969 moon landing. She would retire from NASA in 1986. In 2015, President Obama gave Katherine Johnson the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Innovative Air conditioners & Deep Space


In a paper recently published in the journal Nature, Stanford researchers describe a new refrigeration method for providing cooling: simply beam the heat into space.

This is called radiative cooling, the process carried out by the researchers used an experimental thermal emitter, a device which gives out more heat than it takes in. Using their method — and isolating the thermal emitter from its surrounding environment to stop heat transfer via conduction or convection — the Stanford scientists were able to lower the temperature of the emitter to 42.2 degrees centigrade below that of the surrounding air.

The emitter is designed so that it can emit heat at wavelengths which let it travel into the atmosphere without being radiated back.

“Deep space is very cold; it’s only 3 Kelvin or -270 Celsius, The key their work is the atmosphere surrounding the Earth is very transparent between 8-13 micrometers: dubbed  the transparency window. Through this window they can dump heat from the Earth into space and cool objects remotely. That’s the basic idea behind this technology that
researchers are excited about and its possibilities. These could include AC-style cooling of buildings, harvesting renewable energy from the university, and carrying out refrigeration in arid parts of the world.



Gene Drive Technology


160 global groups have called for a moratorium on new ‘genetic extinction’ technology at the UN Convention on Biological Diversity meeting in Cancun, Mexico.

Here’s what they say:

Gene drive technology, poses serious and irreversible threats to biodiversity, national sovereignty, peace and food security.

Leaders from over 160 organizations are calling on governments at the 2016 COP13 of the Biodiversity Convention to establish a moratorium on the controversial genetic extinction technology called ‘gene drives’.Gene drives, developed through new gene-editing techniques, are designed to force a particular genetically engineered trait to spread through an entire wild population – potentially changing entire species or even causing deliberate extinctions.The statement urges governments to put in place an urgent, global moratorium on the development and release of the new technology which, they say, poses “serious and potentially irreversible threats to biodiversity, as well as national sovereignty, peace, and food security.”

What is a gene drive?
Gene drive is the practice of “stimulating biased inheritance of particular genes to alter entire populations.” Possible alterations include adding, disrupting, or modifying genes, including some that reduce reproductive capacity and may cause a population crash.


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