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Textual Analysis Of More Than 1 million Books By Scholars: Reveals A Growth Of Cursing In Books Since the 1950’s

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The study found that “motherF………” was used 678 times more often in the mid-2000s than the early 1950s, occurrences of “s..t” multiplied 69 times, and “f..k” was 168 times more frequent.

Led by Jean Twenge, author and psychology professor at San Diego State University, the team analysed the titles making up the Google Books corpus of American English books published between 1950 and 2008, looking for uses of the words “s..t”, “”, “f..k”, “c..t”, “c……r”, “motherfr”, and other curse words”.

Overall, they found that writers were “significantly more likely to use swearwords in the years since 1950”, with books published in 2005-2008 28 times more likely to include swearwords than books published in the early 1950s. The paper that was publishefd“American culture increasingly values individual self-expression and weaker social taboos, and these trends are manifested in the increasing use of swearwords.”

Twenge and her fellow authors, graduate student Hannah Van Landingham and University of Georgia psychology professor W Keith Campbell, link the rise of profanities in US literature to the increasingly individualistic nature of the country’s culture, as well as the relaxation of societal taboos.

Stream A Movie With Your Library Card

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  • You’ll need to go to nypl.kanopystreaming.com, or bklynlibrary.kanopystreaming.com, or access the site via the Library’s Articles & Databases page.
  • You will need to create a sign-in, and then punch in your library card number and PIN.
  • You can view up to 10 movies per month with an NYPL card, and 6 per month with a BPL card.
  • Once started, you will have three days to watch each movie.

Appropriations Committee Voted To Approve Funding for Libraries

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The full House Appropriations Committee voted to approve FY2018 funding for libraries. By a 28-22 margin, the committee approved the Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education (LHHS) funding bill, which proposes roughly $231 million for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)—including $183.6 million for Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) programs, and $27 million for the Department of Education’s Innovative Approaches to Literacy (IAL) program—essentially at 2017 funding levels.

In addition to saving the IMLS, the LHHS bill includes level funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. However, it funds the Department of Education (DOE) at $66 billion—a cut of $2.4 billion from 2017, which includes the elimination of some important library-related programs, including the DOE’s Striving Readers program. ALA officials said they would work to restore it.

Meanwhile, on July 18, the House Appropriations Committee approved by a 30-21 margin the FY2018 Interior and Environment Appropriations, which includes $145 million each for the NEH and the NEA, roughly equal to FY 2017 funding levels.

The key votes come after President Trump’s call  in May to eliminate IMLS and virtually all federal funding for libraries, as well as a host of other vital programs and agencies, including the NEH and the NEA. And, it comes after Congress, earlier in May, passed a belated 2017 budget that actually upped the IMLS, NEH, and NEA budgets.

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Librarians In Three States Know How To Administer Narcan

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Three cities namely Denver, Philadelphia, and San Francisco, library staff members now know or are about to learn how to use naloxone, more popularly known for its brand name Narcan, a drug used to reverse overdoses. The training comes with rise in the number of opioid users and an increase in overdoses in libraries, which are not just repository of books but also serve as a hub of services in impoverished communities and a go-to place for homeless people during the day. Within fifth teen years,  from 2000 to 2015, more than half a million people in the United States died from drug overdoses, majority of which involve an opioid.

Oculus VR has Providing 100 Oculus Rift Headsets & Compatible PCs in 90 Libraries Throughout California.

 

Oculus VR has announced a plan to introduce 100 Oculus Rift headsets and compatible PCs in 90 libraries throughout California. Introducing Rifts to libraries will not only allow people to try out virtual reality for the first time but give them access to virtual reality educational experiences that can impart wisdom and knowledge in entirely new ways. To that end, Oculus is also conducting a number of research projects to augment learning through virtual reality.  Libraries, are hoping it will draw people in to some of the other services available there.

The United States Of America: Technology & Innovation

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The United States is a global leader in science and technology innovation and discovery. Americans invented the electric light bulb, photographic film, the machine gun, Third rail, Street light, skyscrapers, the airplane, mousetraps, the nuclear submarine, the laser printer, personal computers, the mobile phone and much more.

Over 19,000 American professionals, researchers, librarians, students etc. have contributed to an IGI Global publication, approximately 5,000 of them are associated with journals, while about 14,000 were involved in a book project. Of these esteemed contributors, over 250 will have their research featured in the upcoming Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition. Not only have American scholars provided significant contributions, but they also come from some of the most highly acclaimed institutions, including Harvard University, Columbia University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Princeton University, Yale University, Dartmouth University, Stanford University and over 5,000 total institutions across the United States.

IGI Global partners with all major US distributors, including Baker & Taylor, Ingram Content Group and EBSCO. IGI Global ebooks are available for purchase though GOBI Library Solutions, OASIS and hosted on popular platforms, such as ProQuest’s E-Book Central and Ebrary, as well as EBSCOHost.

Additionally, IGI Global’s InfoSci platform, favored by librarians and researchers, includes more than 3,900 books, 169 journals and 100 streaming videos. The award-winning platform also includes no DRM, unlimited simultaneous users, no platform or maintenance fees and full-text PDF and XML.

As a leader in innovation, IGI Global works closely with many US consortia. Following are select consortia that are also diverse regionally: NERL, PALCI, SCELC and Amigos.

View IGI Global research pertaining to the United States here, and check out select US titles below.

For Librarians In Philly, Drug Overdose Drills Is Part Of The Job

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Chera Kowalski, 33, who works with teens and adults at McPherson Square library, holds naloxone. While other libraries practice fire drills, McPherson Branch has overdose drills.

The librarians at the Needle Park location in Kensington have had to learn how to administer Narcan to some people. This location is known for being surrounded by a neighborhood rampant with drugs and addicts. Many patrons to come to the library for refuge and to have a safe haven. This library has been such a thing for many patrons in the neighborhood. In the past, the library has not had to take care of such things, but then the heroin epidemic hit.

The library started doing overdose drills for the last thirty years, and until recently, having to rely on those skills did not happen very often. There have been four overdoses in the library since the epidemic spread, and thankfully, none of them have been fatal. Some people come to this location to do their drugs for the sake of having a safe, quiet place to do what they will. In one case, a man shot up while he was in the adult reading room, and when he slid to the floor, help was there to take care of him. Much of the same can be said about the man who passed out in the bathroom while gasping for air.

There is now a monitor system in the bathroom. Adults are required to leave a library card or some other form of ID at the front desk. People are limited to bathroom time for between three and five minutes. After that time frame, a guard will knock before coming in to check on anyone that might have disappeared into the room.

 

SHAMEFUL!

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