A 2016 investigation by ProPublica found that an algorithm used in the U.S. to influence prison sentencing, was racially biased, predicting that black defendants pose a higher risk of repeating offences than they actually do.
While in office, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder voiced concerns about these technologies to the U.S. Sentencing Commission, and making sure the use of aggregate data analysis won’t have unintended consequences.
According to experts, users should not assume that there will be algorithmic fairness and lack of bias in AI programming, especially when these algorithms are trained from human-created datasets.
Because AI algorithms are also designed to perceive patterns in human decision making, they can pick up the implicit biases of their creators.
The criminal justice system is not the only realm in which the implementation of these algorithms have backfired, creating tension between government agencies, technology companies, and directly affected citizens.
Twitter’s attempt at using artificial intelligence to engage with millennials in the U.S. in 2016 went awry after Tay, their verified Twitter chatbot, began spewing anti-semitic and racist comments at users.
Experts agree that A lack of laws exclusively designed to protect against discrimination in relation to big-data and machine learning is a problem. Researchers and computer scientists now face the challenge of creating cutting-edge technology that refrains from relying on decades-old trends of institutional biases and discrimination.
Woman claims that just after midnight on September 3, while traveling in a lift, her phone “became extremely hot”. She then claims to have stopped using the phone, and placed it in her bag. Shortly after, she said she “heard a whistling and screeching sound, and…noticed thick smoke” pouring out from her purse.
Trapped alone in the lift and “and scared to death,” she dropped the phone and started smashing elevator buttons, the thick smoke making it hard to see.
Reaching the lobby, she kicked the sizzling phone out of the elevator.
The mobile didn’t stop burning until a good Samaritan grabbed it with a cloth and plunked it into a bucket of water, Chung claims in the Queens Supreme Court lawsuit.
The fire left her unable to contact clients and ruined everything in her bag, claims Chung, who called the experience totally “traumatic
The University of Ottawa is offering a Cannabis Law course. Dubois, a partner at the Ottawa law office of Perley-Robertson, Hill & McDougall, and colleague Megan Wallace will be the lead instructors of the new cannabis law course at the University of Ottawa. The course, the first of its kind in Canada, will run for about three weeks. Students will learn about the licensing and regulatory frameworks of the cannabis industry as well as how legalizing the drug will affect everything from employment to property law. Diane Labelle, general counsel at Health Canada Legal Services, will teach a similar course at uOttawa in French this fall.
Commercial landlords now face heavy penalties for allowing pot to be sold at their properties, a situation that will have to change in time for private retailers to hit the market next April.
Dubois course will also feature a field trip to the Tweed production facility in Smiths Falls, where students will get a first-hand look at the product they’re learning about.
Southern Ontario’s Niagara College announced it was launching a one-year post-graduate commercial cannabis production program developed in conjunction with more than a dozen licensed producers, including Tweed parent Canopy Growth.
Ryerson University in Toronto, meanwhile, said this summer its Ted Rogers School of Management would be introducing a course – appropriately numbered 420 – called “the Business of Cannabis,” focusing on topics such as retailing, marketing, quality control and financing. And Montreal’s McGill University plans to enter the field by offering a diploma program in cannabis and cannabis production, starting next fall.
The cannabis industry has an urgent need for workers with highly specialized skills in areas such as genetics, horticulture, cultivation techniques, pest control and biotechnology.
Skills are some what borrowed from pharmaceutical or food industries, but it is still quite different because the cannabis industry is complex. There are a lot of components to the cannabis industry.
Genetic searches on 23andMe and similar ancestry sites have identified three dozen half siblings with the same biological father—an Indianapolis-area fertility doctor who assured women decades ago that he was using sperm from either their husbands or from anonymous donors that matched certain criteria.
Donald Cline, has since admitted to lying to patients and using his own sperm to inseminate them. It is still unclear just how many times he used his own sperm. But court documents state that he admitted to one of his biological daughters, Jacoba Ballard, that he did so around 50 times during the 1970s and 1980s, according to a report by the Associated Press.
State investigators started looking into the case in 2014 when a group of women, including Ballard, filed a complaint with the attorney general. The doctor initially denied using his own sperm for his fertility patients, then changed his story, admitting he had indeed used his sperm. DNA testing conducted by the state also confirmed that at least two women, including Ballard, were biological children of Cline. Searches on consumer genetic testing and ancestry sites have since identified dozens of other half-siblings and connected those children to Cline’s relatives.
Last December, Cline pleaded guilty to two felony obstruction of justice charges for initially lying to investigators about using his own sperm. At the time, prosecutor Terry Curry stated:
Here’s another one