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Textual Analysis Of More Than 1 million Books By Scholars: Reveals A Growth Of Cursing In Books Since the 1950’s

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The study found that “motherF………” was used 678 times more often in the mid-2000s than the early 1950s, occurrences of “s..t” multiplied 69 times, and “f..k” was 168 times more frequent.

Led by Jean Twenge, author and psychology professor at San Diego State University, the team analysed the titles making up the Google Books corpus of American English books published between 1950 and 2008, looking for uses of the words “s..t”, “”, “f..k”, “c..t”, “c……r”, “motherfr”, and other curse words”.

Overall, they found that writers were “significantly more likely to use swearwords in the years since 1950”, with books published in 2005-2008 28 times more likely to include swearwords than books published in the early 1950s. The paper that was publishefd“American culture increasingly values individual self-expression and weaker social taboos, and these trends are manifested in the increasing use of swearwords.”

Twenge and her fellow authors, graduate student Hannah Van Landingham and University of Georgia psychology professor W Keith Campbell, link the rise of profanities in US literature to the increasingly individualistic nature of the country’s culture, as well as the relaxation of societal taboos.

New Book Out -Secret Brooklyn: An Unusual Guide

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Michelle Young and co-founder Augustin Pasquet wrote  and provided photographs for their book  Secret Brooklyn: An Unusual Guide

Some of the unusual places featured in their book consist of the Roosevelt House at Brooklyn College, The Puppet Library features over 100 puppets, some as large as 20 feet tall, that sit on the bleachers of a gymnasium.

Abandoned Shooting Range in the Park Slope Armory

The militia of the 14th Regiment once used an extensive, multi-level shooting gallery below the Park Slope Armory.

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Abandoned shooting range

Puppet Library located below Park Slope Armory

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Park slop Armory once home to the 14th Regiment of the U.S. militia

 

   Wild Parrots of Brooklyn

The best way to see the parrots is through a monthly free tour run by Steven Baldwin, who estimates there are 150 Quaker Parrots in Brooklyn today.  The parrots are more famous for roosting in Green-Wood Cemetery, the location where you can see the parrots most up-close is on a leafy residential street in Flatbush.

The fake Town House in Brooklyn Heights  building number 58 is not what it seems; it is a fake brownstone, behind which lies a hidden subway ventilator. It also functions as a emergency exit.The fake brownstone on Joralemon Street is also rumored to serve as a secret passageway to the 4/5 trains running in the tunnel below. A writer for the Brooklyn Heights Blog swears that he saw a glimpse of the 4/5 station when he peered inside the metal door marked “Exit 1

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Substation #21, active since 1908. The substation was built to power the IRT subway extention from Atlantic Avenue to both Flatbush Avenue and New Lots Avenue.  It’s a real gem because it simultaneously houses both vintage equipment and modern functioning equipment.

The United States Of America: Technology & Innovation

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The United States is a global leader in science and technology innovation and discovery. Americans invented the electric light bulb, photographic film, the machine gun, Third rail, Street light, skyscrapers, the airplane, mousetraps, the nuclear submarine, the laser printer, personal computers, the mobile phone and much more.

Over 19,000 American professionals, researchers, librarians, students etc. have contributed to an IGI Global publication, approximately 5,000 of them are associated with journals, while about 14,000 were involved in a book project. Of these esteemed contributors, over 250 will have their research featured in the upcoming Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition. Not only have American scholars provided significant contributions, but they also come from some of the most highly acclaimed institutions, including Harvard University, Columbia University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Princeton University, Yale University, Dartmouth University, Stanford University and over 5,000 total institutions across the United States.

IGI Global partners with all major US distributors, including Baker & Taylor, Ingram Content Group and EBSCO. IGI Global ebooks are available for purchase though GOBI Library Solutions, OASIS and hosted on popular platforms, such as ProQuest’s E-Book Central and Ebrary, as well as EBSCOHost.

Additionally, IGI Global’s InfoSci platform, favored by librarians and researchers, includes more than 3,900 books, 169 journals and 100 streaming videos. The award-winning platform also includes no DRM, unlimited simultaneous users, no platform or maintenance fees and full-text PDF and XML.

As a leader in innovation, IGI Global works closely with many US consortia. Following are select consortia that are also diverse regionally: NERL, PALCI, SCELC and Amigos.

View IGI Global research pertaining to the United States here, and check out select US titles below.

For Librarians In Philly, Drug Overdose Drills Is Part Of The Job

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Chera Kowalski, 33, who works with teens and adults at McPherson Square library, holds naloxone. While other libraries practice fire drills, McPherson Branch has overdose drills.

The librarians at the Needle Park location in Kensington have had to learn how to administer Narcan to some people. This location is known for being surrounded by a neighborhood rampant with drugs and addicts. Many patrons to come to the library for refuge and to have a safe haven. This library has been such a thing for many patrons in the neighborhood. In the past, the library has not had to take care of such things, but then the heroin epidemic hit.

The library started doing overdose drills for the last thirty years, and until recently, having to rely on those skills did not happen very often. There have been four overdoses in the library since the epidemic spread, and thankfully, none of them have been fatal. Some people come to this location to do their drugs for the sake of having a safe, quiet place to do what they will. In one case, a man shot up while he was in the adult reading room, and when he slid to the floor, help was there to take care of him. Much of the same can be said about the man who passed out in the bathroom while gasping for air.

There is now a monitor system in the bathroom. Adults are required to leave a library card or some other form of ID at the front desk. People are limited to bathroom time for between three and five minutes. After that time frame, a guard will knock before coming in to check on anyone that might have disappeared into the room.

 

SHAMEFUL!

Famous Teen Author Anthony Horowitz Warned Against Creating Black Characters In His Book

Famed white author warned against creating black characters in his books

Famed British author Anthony Horowitz says he’s been “warned against” creating black characters for his novels. “This is maybe dangerous territory but there is a chain of thought in America that it is inappropriate for white writers to try to create black characters,” Horowitz said. (Getty Images)

 

House GOP Takes Power From First African American Librarian Of Congress

(AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais

A bill that would empower Donald Trump to appoint the next Register of Copyrights was easily passed this year by the House of Representatives on , and is headed to the Senate. The final vote was 378-48.

The vote came just a month after the bill, the Register of Copyrights Selection and Accountability Act, (H.R. 1695) was first introduced on March 23. The bill would block Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden from appointing the next Register of Copyrights and instead transfer the authority to appoint the Register to the President, with Senate confirmation.

The bill happened after Hayden ousted Maria Pallante from her post as Register of Copyrights last October, a move that outraged many in the entertainment industry, and in Congress, who had counted Pallante as a close ally.

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In January, Pallante was named President and CEO of the Association of American Publishers. Currently, Karyn Temple Claggett is leading the Copyright Office on an interim basis.

Hayden, has over 40 years of experience in library science and administration, was appointed by President Obama as the 14th librarian of Congress, and is both the first woman and the first Black American to serve in this role.

Hayden has also been an open advocate of balancing the rights of content creators and corporate copyright owners to adequately and fairly reap the benefits of their creative labors with the general public’s interest in broadening public access to this content in a fair and equitable manner.

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Phily Librarians Stocking Up On Heroin Antidote Because Of Tourist

Fentanyl Bust

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Courtesy BELVILLE NEWS DEMOCRAT

Hundreds of people aka “Heroin Tourist” are traveling to Philadelphia every month in dorves because of its reputation for having purer heroin than any other city.

As a result, overdoses in public places have surged, including public libraries, where librarians have begun to stock Narcan to counteract overdoses that occur there.

Librarians have been called into duty so often to revive overdose victims, they have learned to tell the difference between a regular heroin overdose and a more deadly fentanyl overdose,  by the sound the victim makes while collapsing, a story in Philly.com reports.

But they are not just using bathrooms, overdoses occur on the lawns and property of public libraries, and other public places, one of which has been dubbed “needle park” for its use by addicts to shoot up.

The Philadelphia Department of Health reported in February about an “alarming increase” in overdose deaths in the city.
During the first five days of December, the city reported 35 deaths from heroin overdoses, most included an amount of fentanyl, a synthetic type of heroin that can be as much as 50 times more dangerous.
 The 12 drug deaths reported on December 1, 2016 were more than had ever been reported on a single day to the Medical Examiner’s Office.

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